Latin bardus and gurdus

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cquiles
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Latin bardus and gurdus

Post by cquiles » Wed Jun 27, 2018 4:29 pm

Nicholas Zair (2018). Latin bardus and gurdus. Glotta: Volume 94, Issue 1, pp. 311-318.
https://doi.org/10.13109/glot.2018.94.1.311

Abstract
The origin of the Latin words bardus ‘stupid’ and gurdus ‘stupid’ is examined. It is shown that bardus cannot be borrowed from Etruscan, as previously claimed. It is probably a borrowing from Oscan and is cognate with forms like Greek βραδύς, Lithuanian gurdùs ‘slow’. While gurdus could be a loanword from some unknown language, it could also be the regular result in Latin of *gword-o-, an o-stem adjective derived from the same root as the u-stem that lies behind bardus.
Carlos Quiles - Academia Prisca

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