Социологическая интерпретация неординарных обрядов в захоронениях ямной культуры Волго-Уральского междуречья (in Russian)
Sociological interpretation of extraordinary ceremonies in burials of the pit-grave Culture of the Volga-Ural Interfluves
Sociological interpretation of extraordinary ceremonies in burials of the pit-grave Culture of the Volga-Ural Interfluves.
----------In article on the basis of funeral complexes of pit culture of Volga-Uralya attempt to carry out sociological interpretation of extraordinary ceremonies in burials of the pit-grave culture of the Volga-Ural. In the research a special attention is paid to the with the dismembered frames and to burials of skulls. The analysis of these ritual actions will allow the author to reconstruct some aspects of religious-philosophical sphere of the pit-grave culture's society and their influence on the social structure and social relations of the pit-grave culture.
К вопросу о роли детей и подростков в ямном обществе Волго – Уралья.
The role of children and adolescents in society of the Yamna culture in Volga - Ural area
----------Article is devoted to a role of children in cattle breeding society of an early and average bronze age in the territory of the Volga-Ural Entre Rios. Research consists in consideration of burials of children of pit culture, using anthropological data. Selection of 53 children’s burials showed that burials of children don’t differ labor expenses, ornament from copper meeting in burials of children allow to draw a conclusion of the social importance of the buried. Pair burials of adults and children showed 2 types of the treatment of children in funeral ceremonialism. Thus, the role of children in a pit community is ambiguous. They could inherit the social status and social functions of the parents, and also could participate in ritual practice of a community, as the victim at burial of adult indi-viduals.
Захоронения женщин ямной культуры на территории Волго-Уралья.
Women's burial Pit-Grave Culture in the Volga and Ural area
This article is devoted role women in the cattle- breeding society early and middle Bronze Age in the Volga and Ural area. Studied 55 women’s burial three age groups: young, mature, old. Also analysis labor costs structure bulwarks and funeral chambers. Research showed presence of a polar opinion the women’s burial by age. Young women often buried in the small barrows and not funeral equipment. Women’s burial mature and old age discovered in the big barrows with prestigious equipment (jewelry, priest’s symbol). Apparently, social status could changed with age person in the society Pit Grave culture. Based on the archaeological, anthropological and ethnographic sources come to conclusion women (adults) played an essential role in the cattle- breeding society