Alexander - Alexandre - Aleksander - Alessandro - Alejandro

Modern Indo-European conventions: writing system, transcription of phonemes and loanwords, accent, etc. Etymological reconstruction of European names and common loanwords into Europe's Indo-European.
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cquiles
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Alexander - Alexandre - Aleksander - Alessandro - Alejandro

Post by cquiles » Wed Apr 30, 2008 6:07 pm

From Latin Alexander, from Ancient Greek Ἀλέξανδρος (Aléxandros), "defender of men". Most famously held by Alexander the Great, but already used by Alexander (Paris) of Troy, appearing as Alaksandu in Hittite.

1) First element from ἀλέξω (aléxō), "to ward off, keep off, turn (something) away, defend, protect", from PIE aléqsō, cf. Gk. alkimos "strong", Skt. raksati "protects", O.E. ealgian "to defend", etc.

2) Second element from ἀνδρός (andrós), genitive of ἀνήρ (anēr), "man". See Andrew.

Therefore reconstructible as IE Aleqsánros.

Equivalents: Ἀλέξανδρος, Αλέξανδρος (Aléksandros), Alessandro, Aleksandar, Александър, Aleksandr, Alexandre, Alexander, Aleksanteri, Alexandr, Sándor, Alastar, Alessandro, Skender, Aleksanders, Aleksandras, Александар, Aleksander, Alexandru, Александр, Alasdair, Александар, Alejandro, İskender, Олександр, Alec, Alex, etc.
Carlos Quiles - Academia Prisca

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